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The examination of NiO and CoOx catalysts supported on Al2O3 and SiO2 for carbon nanotubes production by catalytic chemical vapor deposition of methane

Siang-Piao Chai, V. M. Sivakumar, Sharif Hussein Sharif Zein, Abdul Rahman Mohamed (*)

School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Seri Ampangan, 14300 Nibong Tebal, S. P. S. Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

ARTICLE, Carbon – Science and Technology 1 (2008) 24 – 29.   

© Applied Science Innovations Private Limited, India.

Full Text (OPEN ACCESS) : CST-9.pdf

Keywords: Catalyst, catalysis, carbon nanotube production, CCVD, NiO and CoOx catalyst, supported catalyst, methane
Abstract: The effects of catalyst components on the synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are always the concern of many. The aim of this work is to examine the dependence of the morphology of CNTs formed on the nature of NiO and CoOx catalysts supported on Al2O3 and SiO2 at two different synthesis temperatures, i.e. 550oC and 700oC, respectively. Catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) of methane was adopted for synthesizing the nanotubes materials. The developed catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and temperature programmed reduction (TPR). The morphology of the produced carbon nanostructures was analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The experimental result shows that CNTs were presence on the surfaces of most of the tested catalysts. The yield of the CNTs produced over these catalysts was calculated. It was found that the yield decreased in the order of NiO/SiO2>CoOx/SiO2>CoOx/Al2O3>NiO/Al2O3 for the reaction at 550oC and in the order of NiO/SiO2>CoOx/Al2O3>CoOx/SiO2>NiO/Al2O3 at 700oC. The morphological analysis reveals that the structure of the CNTs depends upon the effects of metal-support interaction (MSI) and the synthesis temperature.



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